There’s three sides to every story: there’s the history you were taught in school, the history the revisionist dig up and the truth.

Wednesday October 18th

1616: Nicholas Culpeper (PUR 1616-1654) English pharmacist/physician The English Physician (1652), Complete Herbal (1653).

1648: The Shoemakers Guild of Boston becomes the first labor union in the American Colonies.

1675: Nathaniel Bacon death ends Bacon’s Rebellion (May-October).

1685: King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes.

1748: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748).

1767: The Mason-Dixon Line separating Maryland & Pennsylvania is completed.

1787: Robert Livingston Stevens (COMP 1787-1856) steamboat designer who invented the flanged T railroad rail.

1797: American peace commission is received coolly and then asked to pay a bribe in order to speak with French Foreign Minister Charles Talleyrand.

1799: Christian Friedrich Schönbein (TRAN 1799-1868) German-Swiss chemist who invented the fuel cell (1838) and discovered gun cotton and ozone.

1804: Mongkut (TRAN 1804-1868) King of Siam (1851-69) made famous by Margaret Landon’s Anna and the King (1944).

1839: Thomas B. Reed (GILD 1839-1902) Congressman (R-ME 1877-99), Speaker (1889-91, 1895-99).

1851: Herman Melville’s Moby Dick is published.

1867: United States takes possession of Alaska.

1898: United States takes possession of Puerto Rico.

1919: Pierre Trudeau (GI 1919-2000) Prime Minister of Canada (1968-79).

1921: Jesse Helms (GI 1921-2008) Senator (D-NC 1942-70, R 1970-2003).

1922: BBC is founded.

1925: The Grand Ole Opry opens in Nashville.

1926: Chuck Berry (SIL 1926-2017) pioneer of rock and roll.

1927: George C. Scott (SIL 1927-99) actor Dr. Strangelove (1964), Patton (1970), Taps (1981), Firestarter (1984), A Christmas Carol (1984).

1931: Al Capone is convicted of tax evasion.

1935: Peter Boyle (SIL 1935-2006) actor Young Frankenstein (1974), Taxi Driver (1976), Everybody Loves Raymond (1996-2005).

1939: Lee Harvey Oswald (SIL 1939-63) assassin of President John F. Kennedy.

1941: The Maltese Falcon is released directed by John Huston, starring Humphrey Bogart and Mary Astor.

1943: Perry Mason premiers on CBS radio.

1944: Kathleen Windsor’s Forever Amber is published. It is banned in 14 states.

1954: Comic strip Hi and Lois is syndicated.

1958: William Higinbotham introduces Tennis for Two, the first video game.

1961: West Side Story is released directed by Robert Wise, starring Natalie Wood, Richard Beymer and Rita Moreno.

1962: Dr. James D. Watson, Dr. Francis Crick and Dr. Maurice Wilkins receive the Nobel Prize for Medicine.

1967: Dr. James L. Goddard, commissioner of the FDA, calls for the decriminalization of marijuana.

1968: U.S. Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith & John Carlos for “black power” salute at the Mexico City Olympics.

2007: Former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan.